The Probem with Proxies
The word “proxy” gets bandied about about in political writings so often, it loses its significance. Prime examples of American proxies include the Contras whom the CIA armed, trained and funded in the struggle to wrest control back away from the dirty, socialist Sandanistas.
The most infamous example of the past 30 years has been the Arab Mujahudeen under whose efforts, combined with massive CIA support in logistics and funding, “bled” the Soviet socialists out of Central Asia. That turned out great. It’s also no secret that Iran funds Hezbolla in Lebanon and Hamas in the Palestinian controlled areas–to a much more fruitful outcome. In 2006, Hezbolla forced Israel to retreat out of Lebanon–an outcome no one would have predicted even 5 years before.
In recent years it has come to light that the US intelligence network, in collusion with the Belge, Italian, British and French intelligence networks, organized, trained and funded extremist groups in Western Europe in an effort to turn public opinion against the left-leaning political groups. These groups sometimes did and sometimes did not have political motivations in common with the right-leaning political parties. What they had in common was a willingness to inflict death and mayhem against civilians, and for this reason alone they were co-opted by the pre-cursor to the CIA, the OSS, through various surrogates and sometimes in person. What has become known as Operation Gladio was originally implemented as a post-German occupation sweeping campaign–a “stay-behind campaign”–designed to remove German moles, locate and neutralize booby-trapped hideouts and cleanse Western Europe of any lingering NAZI ambitions, to allow Western influence to fill in the vacuum of power left by the defeat of Mussolini’s Italy. It quickly morphed into a vehicle to influence public opinion against the powerful communist party in Europe–especially Italy–by means of recruiting, training and letting loose a number of right-wing groups intent on hurting civilians. Many documented incidents of attacks against civilian targets can be traced back to Gladio influence. Thus, the first phase of the Cold War began in a series of what we call today false-flag terror operations.
As described by a former Gladio agent, it was:
“a parallel structure…. That is, an invisible army… that is not poised for battle against a hypothetical invader… but rather one meant to be used internally… against what the military have always called… ‘The Fifth Column’ of the USSR; the Communist Party and the extreme Left. These parallel elements used the extreme Right for the simple reason that they fought the communists. In 1945, the Second World War ended and the Third World War started. Valerio Borghese takes us right to the heart of the American Secret Services. He was saved and protected by Angleton. In 1945 when he gave himself up in Milan… at the end of the Second World War in Italy. The Decima Mas, the group that Valerio Borghese commanded… promised the Allies to take up arms in the event of a Soviet invasion. ”
As put by a former OSS “stay-behind” agent in Italy in 1945:
“In August, Jim Angleton came recruiting fascists… because he figured, the best way to fight communists was to hire fascists. One of the most tough ones was Prince Valerio Borghese who ran what was known as the 10th Flotilla. These are the guys who would execute partisans and hang them from lamp posts all over Italy. Angleton made a deal with Borghese, then rushed up to save this commander from the partisans who would’ve lynched him anytime because he had lynched thousands of partisans.”
Thus, the OSS formed the basis of the Italian secret police and guided their actions to an exceptional degree for decades.
Says Col. Oswald Le Winter, former CIA-LTAC Liason Officer, in Europe:
“There was an amendment to the NATO protocol, and that amendment was absolutely necessary. You didn’t get in the door unless you signed the amendment, and what was in the amendment was the agreement of the government not to prosecute right-wing activists, right-wing activities, anti-communist activists in their own countries…”
In regard to the right-wing groups, Col. Winter remarked,
“We’ll teach you how to do something, but we won’t tell you what to do with it…”
This policy lead to some of the most notorious bombings and civilian atrocities of the post-WWII era. The behavior of various groups was predetermined by their existence, that is, they wouldn’t have recruited them had there been doubt about their intentions. Thus, OSS bankrolled and trained these groups knowing they would participate in the kind of atrocities that would ultimately be used to motivate the populations of several Western European countries to submit to US foreign policies.
An interesting lesson…